Problem: The agricultural system in the world is not satisfactory.

Solution: In the globalized world we need to establish a decentralized system based first on individual and family; local and national self-reliance paired with a sophisticated interdependence on the global, national, and local levels.


Paul Hanley

A Partial Summary

Proper agricultural development is a fundamental principle conducive to the advancement of mankind and to the reconstruction of the world. The fundamental basis of the community is agriculture and that the agricultural class exceed other classes in the importance of their service.

There are at least three reasons for the emphasis on agriculture as the foundation for social order. The first is to assure that all have a diet sufficient to nourish full physical and mental well-being. Second, everyone, not only the producer, has a high economic stake in the success of the agricultural system. Although in the industrial nations, as few as two percent of populations are engaged in farming, as many as twenty five percent work in food and agricultural system in production and distribution of farm inputs and machinery, marketing, transportation, food sales and handling, advertising, finance, and so on. In Third World countries, most people are directly employed in farm work. Third, food has a tremendous cultural significance. Our most basic human relationships - mother to baby, parent to child, gatherings of family and friends, national, religious, or ethnic feasts and festivals - involve nurturance through food. Conversely, because of the need to eat we can all understand and empathize with hunger. Food and agriculture, then, have a profound symbolic power that can be a unifying force.

In the globalized world we need to establish a decentralized system based first on individual and family; local and national self- reliance paired with a sophisticated interdependence on the global, national, and local levels. The system that manages the resources for the benefit of whole communities rather as a struggle to capture wealth for individuals, ruling class or a state monopoly. Village reconstruction will involve the establishment of a central community institution, termed the "General Storehouse" directed by a democratically elected council of trustees responsible for the allocation of resources and services. The Storehouse combines functions of economic regulation, lending and social service. Its first responsibility will be to stabilize farm economy. It will guarantee a minimum income for the farmers under any harvest condition. The excess of funds will be channeled upward to the national treasury, presumably to be allocated likewise within community of communities.

While rudimentary, this scheme establishes principles needed in agricultural and community development: social responsibility for ensured productivity; democratic control and regulation of community resources, especially credit; community support for individual or collective initiatives. It provides a means of social regulation or trusteeship without imposition on entrepreneurship while enshrining the principle of community self-reliance at the foundation of mass economics.

The threefold relationship of humans to nature gives our work on the land a quality of worship. It demands a new approach to agriculture, which is the main meeting point of humanity and nature. The idea of agriculture as a form of worship is implied in the word AGRI-CULTURE. AGRICULTURE means literally the cultivation of fields, but behind the word CULTURE is the latin CULTUS and the Sanscrit KWEL, which means to dwell, to care, and to worship. From the word AGRICULTURE, we are lead to a deeply religious concept, embedded in language, which has to do with agriculture implying dwelling on the land and caring for it as an act of worship. The understanding that our work is worship carries with it the responsibility of finding an appropriately caring quality in our endeavors. Our work-worship becomes the more worthy to the extend that we assume our responsibility to the land and to each other by implementing sound husbandry in a just and sustainable food system.

The task of building a new social and economic order is associated with the redesign of agriculture to ensure economic viability for producers in self-reliant communities, which are vital cells in a global organism founded on cooperative interdependence. We are to bring a spiritual sense to our agricultural work, to elevate it to a form of worship, and in the process to transform our inner lives in correspondence to God's Will revealed in nature and Word. We are to conduct our lives individually and collectively in such fashion as to ensure a sustainable society by balancing technical and spiritual development. We are to have a vision of our relatedness to the earth but is called to an inspired station where we are empowered to take full responsibility in carrying forward an ever-advancing civilization.


Paul Hanley is an author and environmental columnist with the Saskatoon Star Phoenix. His publications include "Earthcare- Ecological Agriculture in Saskachevan (1980). This partial summary is extracted by Farhang Sefidvash from the article with the same title published in the Journal of Baha'i Studies, vol.3, no.1, 1991.


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